Prior to the establishment of the Federal Reserve System (FRS), the US economy faced frequent panics, bank failures, and credit scarcity due to unstable banking and financial systems prevailing in the market. Additionally, due to the rapid industrialization, the decentralized banking system became more unstable.
Specifically, the financial and the economy panic encountered during 1907 forced the congress to establish a centralized bank, the Federal Reserve System. Congress passed the Reserve Act in the year 1913 to establish the FRS. The FRS is entitled to provide a safe, secure, and stable financial growth for the US.